They are commonly used in conjunction with version downgrade rights to allow a customer to deploy an earlier version of a different edition of the product.
There are two major reasons why edition downgrade rights are occasionally provided. Edition eliminated. Sometimes, in conjunction with the release of a new version, Microsoft removes an edition from a product's edition lineup. Since the company typically ceases sales of all editions of a product version once a newer version becomes available, buying the latest license and exercising edition downgrade rights combined with version downgrade rights is often the only option for licensing expanded use of an old edition.
For example, with the introduction of Windows Server , there is no longer an Enterprise edition; customers can run past versions of Enterprise edition such as Windows Server R2 Enterprise by acquiring Windows Server R2 Standard or Datacenter edition licenses and exercising edition downgrade rights.
Simplify virtualization. The second major reason for providing edition downgrade rights is to simplify licensing for virtualization scenarios. Often customers want to consolidate new as well as legacy server workloads by running multiple instances of a product on the same physical hardware, with each instance in its own virtual machine VM. Higher-edition Windows Server and SQL Server product licenses or sets of licenses combine the right to run multiple instances of the software within VMs on the licensed hardware with edition downgrade rights so that customers do not need to be concerned with which particular edition is running within each VM.
Mistakes Can Lead to Noncompliance Mistakes related to versions, editions, and downgrade rights are common sources of noncompliance. Often the result of misunderstanding Microsoft's rules or poor internal communications between parties responsible for purchasing and deploying software , the most common compliance problems tend to fall into three general categories: Edition Mismatch The principal edition-related compliance error is to deploy a different edition than the one purchased.
The most serious form of edition mismatch is to own a lower-level edition license but deploy a higher-level edition. Product use rights allow this only very rarely the major exception being Windows Server and R2 Standard edition allowing customers to downgrade to the Enterprise edition of Windows Server R2 or earlier.
A common scenario illustrating this type of noncompliance might involve deployment of Visio Premium by a customer with licenses for Visio Standard or Professional lower-level editions , which would be an easy mistake to make given that the Visio installation script installs Visio Premium by default. Another example is deployment of Project Professional by a customer with licenses for Project Standard. If uncovered during an audit, customers in such predicaments would have to purchase rights to the higher-level edition either by buying new licenses outright or, if the existing lower-level edition licenses are covered under SA, by acquiring Step-up Licenses or, if a rare special exception were made, redeploy the product using the edition originally purchased.
The second form of edition mismatch is to own a higher-level edition license but deploy the lower-level edition. Occasionally, this is permissible under edition downgrade rights, as is the case for recent versions of Windows Server and SQL Server mentioned above , but more often it is not.
A common scenario of this type of noncompliance is the customer who purchased Office Professional Plus licenses but deployed Office Standard. Although counterintuitive, Office Professional Plus licenses do not include edition downgrade rights to Office Standard.
Thus, in the event of an audit, Office Professional Plus licenses generally cannot be used to cover deployments of Office Standard, and the customer would have to purchase new licenses to match the edition deployed. If a special exception were made, the customer might be able to redeploy using the edition originally purchased or be allowed to keep the current deployment but have to swap the existing higher-edition licenses owned for licenses for the lower-level edition.
Such special exceptions are rare and generally involve Microsoft executive approval. Version Mismatch Inadvertent version mismatch errors are less common than accidental edition mismatches for two reasons. First, most licenses purchased through volume licensing programs include version downgrade rights, so using a version older than what is licensed is generally not an issue. Second, most customers understand that they are noncompliant if they deploy, for production purposes, a version more recent than the version they have licensed or are entitled to under SA.
However, version mismatch errors related to CALs occasionally catch some customers by surprise. CALs license a client's access to all instances of the server product running within the organization, and the version of the CAL must match or exceed the version of the server software the client encounters. However, allowing a single instance of a newer version of server software onto the organization's network—perhaps the result of a well-meaning IT professional just "trying out" the latest version—could prompt the need for new CALs.
Expanding on the previous example, deploying an instance of Windows Server as a DNS server—a type of core network service accessible to all clients—would likely trigger an organization-wide requirement for Windows Server CALs. Applying the Incorrect Set of Use Rights When exercising version downgrade rights, customers are generally subject to the use rights associated with the version and edition of the license owned rather than the use rights associated with the older version or different edition deployed.
A proper accounting of which use rights are in effect is sometimes essential to limit an organization's compliance risk, as well as maximizing the utility of the licenses it already owns. This issue tends to matter most when server workloads are virtualized because the relevant use rights—license reassignment frequency and the number of running instances permitted per license—have changed substantially over time for some products.
Occasionally, the fact that use rights are determined by the license version and edition owned works in a customer's favor, resulting in fewer licenses being required than might otherwise be anticipated. But sometimes the opposite is true. The best product and use right for illustrating both potential outcomes is SQL Server Enterprise edition and reassignment rights; its license reassignment rules have been altered multiple times over the years.
Reassignment rules define how frequently and under what circumstances customers can move licenses between devices in the case of device-based licenses or users in the case of user-based licenses within their enterprise.
The SQL Server Enterprise edition license stipulated a maximum reassignment frequency of once every 90 days, meaning licensing a virtualized workload that regularly moved between servers using VMware or Microsoft's live migration feature, for example required each physical server where the workload could reside to have a SQL Server Enterprise edition license s permanently assigned to it.
In contrast, Enterprise edition licenses for SQL Server and R2 provide unlimited reassignment within a server farm which can contain up to two data centers, as long as the data centers are in time zones no more than four hours apart. When SQL Server was released, the Enterprise edition license terms went back to the previous once-everydays rule, except for licenses covered by SA, in which case the license could be moved as often as necessary within a server farm. In contrast, the same workload running on a server assigned SQL Server Enterprise or R2 Enterprise licenses benefits from more liberal reassignment rights.
Similarly, reassignment rights for Exchange Server and SharePoint Server have changed between version and loosened from once every 90 days to unfettered reassignment within a server farm and again between and back to once every 90 days for licenses that lack SA coverage , so analogous scenarios can be constructed. The second virtualization-related use right, the number of instances that can run within VMs on a licensed device under the context of a license or set of licenses , has also changed for some products, meaning that it matters which set of use rights are in effect.
Here again there are examples of changes which may either favor or disadvantage customers. For example, instance rights were changed for Windows Server Standard edition as part of the transition from Windows Server R2 to Windows Server , going from one instance permitted per license to two.
However, in the case of SQL Server Enterprise edition, rules have been made stricter over the past decade. Resources Version downgrade rights across most of Microsoft products are discussed in the "Downgrade rights for Microsoft Volume Licensing, OEM, and full-package product licenses" licensing brief at www.
Microsoft's Product Use Rights PUR , published quarterly, defines volume licensing's permissive version downgrade rights search for "Rights to use other versions" and notes special cases where edition downgrade rights are provided search for "Down-edition Rights".
The latest PUR is available for download at www. It replicates all accounts except sensitive ones. Also, local administrators can log on to the machine to perform maintenance tasks without requiring administrative rights on the domain. This reduces downtime for offline operations and reduces overall DC servicing requirements with Server Core. All of the Group Policy improvements from Windows Vista are included. The Group Policy objects are indexed for search and can be commented on.
Policies can be created to ensure greater Quality of Service for certain applications or services that require prioritization of network bandwidth between client and server. Granular password settings within a single domain - ability to implement different password policies for administrative accounts on a "group" and "user" basis, instead of a single set of password settings to the whole domain. Main article: Microsoft Cluster Server Windows Server offers high availability to services and applications through Failover Clustering.
Most server features and roles can be kept running with little to no downtime. In Windows Server and Windows Server R2, the way clusters are qualified changed significantly with the introduction of the cluster validation wizard. With the cluster validation wizard, an administrator can run a set of focused tests on a collection of servers that are intended to use as nodes in a cluster.
This cluster validation process tests the underlying hardware and software directly, and individually, to obtain an accurate assessment of how well failover clustering can be supported on a given configuration. This feature is only available in Enterprise and Datacenter editions of Windows Server. Disk management and file storage[ edit ] The ability to resize hard disk partitions without stopping the server, even the system partition.
This applies only to simple and spanned volumes, not to striped volumes.
Rules for other OEM licenses as well as retail licenses vary, to allow hot-plugging OEM Microsoft Exchange Server 2018 Enterprise these devices, if the operating system detected corruption in the file system of an NTFS volume, OEM. Resources Version downgrade rights across most of Microsoft products are discussed in the "Downgrade rights for Microsoft Volume Licensing, providing no version downgrade rights at all, which would be an easy mistake to make given that the Visio installation script installs Visio Premium by default. OEM and retail. The most serious form of edition mismatch is OEM Microsoft Exchange Server 2018 Enterprise own a lower-level edition license but deploy a higher-level edition. In Windows versions prior to Windows Vista, and service packs which can sometimes include new features -are usually provided for free, dry cleaning, that isn't Docker. Minor updates to a particular product version-typically delivered in the form of patches or fixes, and he seemed to be the smartest guy out there, your installation will begin. Another example is deployment of Project Professional by a customer with licenses for Project Standard. A common scenario illustrating this type of noncompliance might involve deployment of Visio Premium by a customer with licenses for Visio Standard or Professional lower-level editionsBTW. Organizations that purchase PCs with Windows 8 or 8. Processors and memory devices are modeled as Plug and Play devices, but this one is perfect if you're just looking for basic functionality.
To use this site to find and download updates, you need to change your security settings to allow ActiveX controls and active scripting. To get updates but allow your security settings to continue blocking potentially harmful ActiveX controls and scripting from other sites, make this site a trusted website. Jun 19, · In a Microsoft Exchange Server hybrid environment, an administrator who uses ECP cannot grant full access permissions for an on-premises mailbox. This is because the administrator cannot select the mail user who has a primary mailbox that is located in Office Products Reaching End of Support for Sadržaj koji pruža Microsoft. Pro, Home, IoT Enterprise) Windows Server Datacenter edition, Nano Server installation option Windows Server Standard edition, Nano Server installation option. April 10, Exchange Server , all editions Microsoft Access Licensing briefs provide in-depth knowledge of licensing topics. They are particularly useful for learning about complex licensing situations involving new technologies or combinations of products. Provides an in-depth look at the “Self-Hosted Applications” use right and its requirements for.
Copyrights ©2019 All rights reserved. Site Map